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Java 14 - Switch Expressions



Java 12 introduces expressions to Switch statement and released it as a preview feature. Java 13 added a new yield construct to return a value from switch statement. With Java 14, switch expression now is a standard feature.

  • Each case block can return a value using yield statement.

  • In case of enum, default case can be skipped. In other cases, default case is required.

Example

Consider the following example −

ApiTester.java

public class APITester {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.out.println("Old Switch");
      System.out.println(getDayTypeOldStyle("Monday"));
      System.out.println(getDayTypeOldStyle("Saturday"));
      System.out.println(getDayTypeOldStyle(""));

      System.out.println("New Switch");
      System.out.println(getDayType("Monday"));
      System.out.println(getDayType("Saturday"));
      System.out.println(getDayType(""));
   }
   public static String getDayType(String day) {
      var result = switch (day) {
         case "Monday", "Tuesday", "Wednesday","Thursday", "Friday": yield "Weekday";
         case "Saturday", "Sunday": yield "Weekend";
         default: yield "Invalid day.";
      };
      return result;
   }
   public static String getDayTypeOldStyle(String day) {
      String result = null;
      switch (day) {
         case "Monday":
         case "Tuesday":
         case "Wednesday":
         case "Thursday":
         case "Friday":
            result = "Weekday";
            break;
         case "Saturday": 
         case "Sunday":
            result = "Weekend";
            break;
         default:
            result =  "Invalid day.";            
      }
      return result;
   }
}

Compile and Run the program

$javac APITester.java
$java APITester

Output

Old Switch
Weekday
Weekend
Invalid day.
New Switch
Weekday
Weekend
Invalid day.